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There archived apple and poison that it never would re-enter the house. The emendation of nan to 'man' has been proposed. The next stanza comments on the creation of the herbs chervil and fennel while hanging in heaven by the 'wise lord' witig drihten and before sending them down among mankind.
Regarding this, Griffith comments that "In a Christian context 'hanging in heaven' would refer to the crucifixion ; but remembering that Woden was mentioned a few lines previously there is also a parallel, perhaps a better one, with Odin, as his crucifixion was associated with learning.
The Old English rune poem recounts the Old English runic alphabet, the futhorc. Due to this and the content of the stanzas, several scholars have posited that this poem is censored, having originally referred to Odin.
Woden was equated with Mercury, the god of eloquence among other things. The tales about the Norse god Odin tell how he gave one of his eyes in return for wisdom; he also won the mead of poetic inspiration.
Luckily for Christian rune-masters, the Latin word os could be substituted without ruining the sense, to keep the outward form of the rune name without obviously referring to Woden.
In the poem Solomon and Saturn , "Mercurius the Giant" Mercurius se gygand is referred to as an inventor of letters. This may also be a reference to Odin, who is in Norse mythology the founder of the runic alphabets, and the gloss a continuation of the practice of equating Odin with Mercury found as early as Tacitus.
The 7th-century Origo Gentis Langobardorum , and Paul the Deacon 's 8th-century Historia Langobardorum derived from it, recount a founding myth of the Langobards Lombards , a Germanic people who ruled a region of the Italian Peninsula.
According to this legend, a "small people" known as the Winnili were ruled by a woman named Gambara who had two sons, Ybor and Aio. The Vandals , ruled by Ambri and Assi , came to the Winnili with their army and demanded that they pay them tribute or prepare for war.
Ybor, Aio, and their mother Gambara rejected their demands for tribute. Ambri and Assi then asked the god Godan for victory over the Winnili, to which Godan responded in the longer version in the Origo : "Whom I shall first see when at sunrise, to them will I give the victory.
Meanwhile, Ybor and Aio called upon Frea, Godan's wife. Frea counselled them that "at sunrise the Winnil[i] should come, and that their women, with their hair let down around the face in the likeness of a beard should also come with their husbands".
At sunrise, Frea turned Godan's bed around to face east and woke him. Godan saw the Winnili and their whiskered women and asked, "who are those Long-beards?
Godan did so, "so that they should defend themselves according to his counsel and obtain the victory". Thenceforth the Winnili were known as the Langobards 'long-beards'.
Writing in the mid-7th century, Jonas of Bobbio wrote that earlier that century the Irish missionary Columbanus disrupted an offering of beer to Odin vodano " whom others called Mercury " in Swabia.
A 10th-century manuscript found in Merseburg , Germany, features a heathen invocation known as the Second Merseburg Incantation , which calls upon Odin and other gods and goddesses from the continental Germanic pantheon to assist in healing a horse:.
Phol ende uuodan uuoran zi holza. Phol and Woden travelled to the forest. Then was for Baldur 's foal its foot wrenched. Then encharmed it Sindgund and Sunna her sister, then encharmed it Frija and Volla her sister, then encharmed it Woden , as he the best could, As the bone-wrench, so for the blood wrench, and so the limb-wrench bone to bone, blood to blood, limb to limb, so be glued.
In the 11th century, chronicler Adam of Bremen recorded in a scholion of his Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum that a statue of Thor, whom Adam describes as "mightiest", sat enthroned in the Temple at Uppsala located in Gamla Uppsala, Sweden flanked by Wodan Odin and " Fricco ".
Regarding Odin, Adam defines him as "frenzy" Wodan, id est furor and says that he "rules war and gives people strength against the enemy" and that the people of the temple depict him as wearing armour, "as our people depict Mars".
In the 12th century, centuries after Norway was "officially" Christianised, Odin was still being invoked by the population, as evidenced by a stick bearing a runic message found among the Bryggen inscriptions in Bergen, Norway.
On the stick, both Thor and Odin are called upon for help; Thor is asked to "receive" the reader, and Odin to "own" them.
Odin is mentioned or appears in most poems of the Poetic Edda , compiled in the 13th century from traditional source material reaching back to the pagan period.
The meaning of these gifts has been a matter of scholarly disagreement and translations therefore vary. During this, the first war of the world, Odin flung his spear into the opposing forces of the Vanir.
While the name of the tree is not provided in the poem and other trees exist in Norse mythology, the tree is near universally accepted as the cosmic tree Yggdrasil , and if the tree is Yggdrasil , then the name Yggdrasil Old Norse 'Ygg's steed' directly relates to this story.
Odin is associated with hanging and gallows ; John Lindow comments that "the hanged 'ride' the gallows". On the mountain Sigurd sees a great light, "as if fire were burning, which blazed up to the sky".
Sigurd approaches it, and there he sees a skjaldborg a tactical formation of shield wall with a banner flying overhead. Sigurd enters the skjaldborg , and sees a warrior lying there—asleep and fully armed.
Sigurd removes the helmet of the warrior, and sees the face of a woman. The woman's corslet is so tight that it seems to have grown into the woman's body.
Sigurd uses his sword Gram to cut the corslet, starting from the neck of the corslet downwards, he continues cutting down her sleeves, and takes the corslet off her.
The woman wakes, sits up, looks at Sigurd , and the two converse in two stanzas of verse. In the second stanza, the woman explains that Odin placed a sleeping spell on her which she could not break, and due to that spell she has been asleep a long time.
Sigurd asks for her name, and the woman gives Sigurd a horn of mead to help him retain her words in his memory.
The woman recites a heathen prayer in two stanzas. Odin had promised one of these— Hjalmgunnar —victory in battle, yet she had "brought down" Hjalmgunnar in battle.
Odin pricked her with a sleeping-thorn in consequence, told her that she would never again "fight victoriously in battle", and condemned her to marriage.
Odin is mentioned throughout the books of the Prose Edda , authored by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century and drawing from earlier traditional material.
In the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning chapter 38 , the enthroned figure of High Harr , tells Gangleri king Gylfi in disguise that two ravens named Huginn and Muninn sit on Odin's shoulders.
The ravens tell Odin everything they see and hear. Odin sends Huginn and Muninn out at dawn, and the birds fly all over the world before returning at dinner-time.
As a result, Odin is kept informed of many events. High adds that it is from this association that Odin is referred to as "raven-god".
In the same chapter, the enthroned figure of High explains that Odin gives all of the food on his table to his wolves Geri and Freki and that Odin requires no food, for wine is to him both meat and drink.
Odin is mentioned several times in the sagas that make up Heimskringla. In the Ynglinga saga , the first section of Heimskringla , an euhemerised account of the origin of the gods is provided.
It was the custom there that twelve temple priests were ranked highest; they administered sacrifices and held judgements over men.
Odin was a very successful warrior and travelled widely, conquering many lands. Odin was so successful that he never lost a battle.
As a result, according to the saga, men came to believe that "it was granted to him" to win all battles. Before Odin sent his men to war or to perform tasks for him, he would place his hands upon their heads and give them a bjannak 'blessing', ultimately from Latin benedictio and the men would believe that they would also prevail.
The men placed all of their faith in Odin, and wherever they called his name they would receive assistance from doing so. Odin was often gone for great spans of time.
While Odin was gone, his brothers governed his realm. His brothers began to divvy up Odin's inheritance, "but his wife Frigg they shared between them.
However, afterwards, [Odin] returned and took possession of his wife again". According to the chapter, Odin "made war on the Vanir ".
The Vanir defended their land and the battle turned to a stalemate, both sides having devastated one another's lands.
As part of a peace agreement, the two sides exchanged hostages. In Völsunga saga , the great king Rerir and his wife unnamed are unable to conceive a child; "that lack displeased them both, and they fervently implored the gods that they might have a child.
It is said that Frigg heard their prayers and told Odin what they asked", and the two gods subsequently sent a Valkyrie to present Rerir an apple that falls onto his lap while he sits on a burial mound and Rerir 's wife subsequently becomes pregnant with the namesake of the Völsung family line.
Gestumblindi said:. Heithrek said:. Local folklore and folk practice recognised Odin as late as the 19th century in Scandinavia. In a work published in the midth century, Benjamin Thorpe records that on Gotland , "many traditions and stories of Odin the Old still live in the mouths of the people".
Local legend dictates that after it was opened, "there burst forth a wondrous fire, like a flash of lightning", and that a coffin full of flint and a lamp were excavated.
Thorpe additionally relates that legend has it that a priest who dwelt around Troienborg had once sowed some rye, and that when the rye sprang up, so came Odin riding from the hills each evening.
Odin was so massive that he towered over the farm-yard buildings, spear in hand. Halting before the entry way, he kept all from entering or leaving all night, which occurred every night until the rye was cut.
Thorpe notes that numerous other traditions existed in Sweden at the time of his writing. Thorpe records that in Sweden, "when a noise, like that of carriages and horses, is heard by night, the people say: 'Odin is passing by'".
They had accepted his sacrifice and shown themselves to him, revealing to him not only their forms, but also the secrets that lie within them.
Having fixed this knowledge in his formidable memory, Odin ended his ordeal with a scream of exultation. Then I was fertilized and became wise; I truly grew and thrived.
From a word to a word I was led to a word, From a work to a work I was led to a work. Equipped with the knowledge of how to wield the runes, he became one of the mightiest and most accomplished beings in the cosmos.
He learned chants that enabled him to heal emotional and bodily wounds, to bind his enemies and render their weapons worthless, to free himself from constraints, to put out fires, to expose and banish practitioners of malevolent magic, to protect his friends in battle, to wake the dead, to win and keep a lover, and to perform many other feats like these.
So, it seems that a statement above is in need of qualification. Part of Odin survived the sacrifice in order to be the recipient of the sacrifice — in addition to the runes themselves — and another part of him did indeed die.
Even a casual browsing of the Eddas and sagas alerts the reader to how accomplished, self-possessed, and inwardly strong many of their central figures are, especially the most Odinnic of them such as Egill Skallagrimsson, Starkad, Sigurd, and Grettir Asmundarson.
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Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Why is the story of Odin hanging from Yggdrasil so similar to that of Jesus on the cross?
Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 9 months ago. Active 1 year, 2 months ago. Viewed 39k times. I hope this actually has an answer, I couldn't find anything but speculation on the web.
Here are the stories broadly: In order to learn of the runes that are used to control the worlds odin hangs himself from the great world tree Yggdrasil, and stabs himself with his spear.
Lara Lara 1 1 gold badge 2 2 silver badges 5 5 bronze badges. This generally plague me with downvote Norse myths have been compulsed during Christian time, as you noted.
Thinking about the Ragnarok and comparing with the Apocalypse make that clear. Now such murders are quite frequent in myths. It is just very rare to be as clear as what you find in the Evangiles.
And that smell one thing: Odin story is a bad copy of Jesus's death He stabs himself vs collective murder. It's my opinion that Norse mythology was influenced by Christianity in more than one way.
You could also ask why there's a story of Zeus hanging Hera from the sky or alternativeley, over the Void in Greek mythology. Active Oldest Votes.
Taking a look at a few things here. Here is the excerpt from the Havamal with various translations: "I ween that I hung on the windy tree," -Translation by H.
Woo, that was a rollercoaster Ken Graham 2, 1 1 gold badge 10 10 silver badges 29 29 bronze badges. Amerilys Amerilys 3 3 silver badges 3 3 bronze badges.
With all that said, I don't think there's any way to know for sure. DukeZhou DukeZhou 13k 2 2 gold badges 29 29 silver badges 88 88 bronze badges.
For consideration. Why limit the comparison to Jesus only? Oliver-Grimm Oliver-Grimm 4 4 silver badges 7 7 bronze badges. Jyykson Jyykson Yes, that would be an explanation.
Can you provide any sources that may back it up? Despite Christian mythology containing much extra-Jewish influence, the Odin story is not one of them.
It would have been highly unlikely for Odin to reach Palestine in the first century CE without it leaving a trace along the way, Moreover, every single text of this story post-dates the birth of Christianity by hundreds of years.
If there's a relationship at all, it's certainly the other way around. Weimer Dec 13 '16 at Simply speaking Crucifixion was overly used by Romans, especially on Hebrews.
The base story of Jesus is vastly attested by archeology. Crucifixion in itself was over used as a punishement against those who attacked Rome so political death.
Remind that the legate Ponce Pilate ordered Jesus's crucifixion. So Jesus's crucifixion is so Roman, and so logical per se that even imagining it borrowed would seem strange.
Now you can do guess work on the origin of crucifixion. But that is a different problem.God 7x5 Inch Print. Odin Sword Tree Barnstokkr Hall of Volsungs Norse Mythology God 7x5 Inch PrintArt, Art Prints! Verkäufernotizen: “Brand New Reprint”. Viele Runenzeichen wie der Runen Kompass sind im Nordmänner Shop erhältlich. Nordmänner Sons of Odin und Thors Hammer der Mjölnir Hugnin und Munin. Finden Sie tolle Angebote für Yggdrasil Mjölnir Zipper Hoodie Tree Of Life Walhalla Odin Thor Loki Weltenbaum. Kaufen Sie mit Vertrauen bei eBay! Finden Sie tolle Angebote für Yggdrasil IX Zipper Hoodie Arsen Celtic Tree Loki Of Life Thor Odin Odhin. Kaufen Sie mit Vertrauen bei eBay!
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